BOSTON – Sunday, December 17, 2006 – Continuing to fill out his cabinet with leading talent, Governor-elect Deval Patrick today announced his selection of Dr. JudyAnn Bigby as Secretary of Health and Human Services and Dan Bosley as Special Advisor to the Governor for Economic Development.
“We are entering a very exciting and important time in Massachusetts in health and human services,” Governor-elect Patrick said. “We are preparing to implement a groundbreaking health insurance reform law that will affect every single citizen in the Commonwealth, and to rejuvenate our human services delivery systems. I am delighted that Judy is joining our administration to lead these and other initiatives.”
About Bosley’s appointment, Governor-elect Patrick said, “Dan is a well-respected leader in economic development matters and the ways that government can help support business and job growth. He shares my commitment to ensure that Massachusetts remains strong and competitive in the coming years, and I look forward to his advice and council.”
Bosley will coordinate the Governor’s “Development Cabinet,” which will consist of the secretaries of Housing and Economic Development, Labor and Workforce Development, Energy and Environmental Affairs, and Transportation and Construction, and which will develop and execute specific strategies to expand business and job growth throughout the Commonwealth.
Also today, Energy and Environmental Affairs Secretary-designate Ian Bowles selected Ann Berwick as his undersecretary of energy, adding another leader to the administration who will work to achieve smarter energy outcomes and protect our environment.
“Ann is exactly the kind of thoughtful public policy entrepreneur the Patrick Administration needs to put Massachusetts on a balanced new path for energy resources,” Bowles said. “She has far-ranging experience in the public and private sectors – she has served in major leadership positions in government, but has also played a key strategic advisory role with numerous energy companies on issues like climate change.”
Dr. Bigby, 55, is the Medical Director of Community Health Programs at Brigham & Women’s Hospital. She is also an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and the Director of the Harvard Medical School Center of Excellence in Women’s Health, where she focuses on the health care of low-income and minority women, including breast and cervical cancer and infant mortality.
Dr. Bigby has spent her career addressing health care disparities and the needs of disadvantaged and vulnerable populations. She has published a number of studies and participated in conferences and forums across the country related to these issues. She also edited a book about how health issues present themselves in different racial-ethnic-cultural populations. Dr. Bigby is nationally recognized for her pioneering work in substance abuse education for primary care physicians.
Dr. Bigby serves on the Public Health Commission for the City of Boston (since 1996), Teen Voices, and the Medical Foundation. She was also a member of the Institute of Medicine’s committee Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century and the Minority Women’s Health Panel of Experts for the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office on Women’s Health. Dr. Bigby served on the Council of Graduate Medical Education from 1994-1999.
“In this state, where the word reform is on everyone’s lips, there are great opportunities for implementing innovations that will improve the health and well-being of all residents of the Commonwealth,” Dr. Bigby said. I look forward to serving the Governor because he understands the relationships between health and social conditions and the environment. I am equally excited to be a member of the wonderful team he has assembled.”
Dr. Bigby holds a B.A. from Wellesley College and an M.D. from Harvard Medical School. She lives in Jamaica Plain.
Bosley, 53, is currently serving in his 10th term as the State Representative of the First Berkshire District. Bosley, who was recently reelected to his 11th term in the House, has served as a committee chairman for the past 14 years. Presently, Bosley serves concurrently as a both a member of the Speaker’s House Leadership Team and as the House Chairman of the influential Joint Committee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies.
In his first term as the House Chairman of Joint Committee on Economic Development and Emerging Technologies, Bosley has proven to be a key leader in the areas of fiscal policy and economic development. He was the principal House architect of the Commonwealth’s precedent-setting stem cell research statute, which has been cited as a national model for such legislation and was instrumental in crafting the recently enacted $347 million economic stimulus legislation, designed to encourage and support the growth and development of business and improve the state’s economy.
In addition to his duties as chairman, Bosley founded the Legislature’s Literacy Caucus, which was instrumental in securing the first ever budget appropriation for adult basic education and literacy.
“I am honored to be invited to join this administration and excited about the prospect of working to increase our economic opportunities,” Bosley said. “For the past 20 years, I have been working on legislation to increase our economic base in the Commonwealth. I look forward to continuing this work with a governor who has made it clear that a healthy and growing economy is one of his top priorities.”
Bosley is also a former National Chairman of the Council of State Governments (2004) and has served as Chairman of the Council’s Eastern Regional Conference (CSG/ERC), its Export Promotion Task Force and as Chair of the Electric Deregulation Task Force.
Bosley holds a bachelor of arts in history and political science from North Adams State College and a master of arts in public policy from the University of Massachusetts. He also holds an honorary doctor of laws degree from the Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts. He lives in North Adams with his wife Laura and his daughter, Stephanie.
Berwick, 59, is a senior Environmental Consultant at M.J. Bradley & Associates, Inc., in Concord. There, she manages the Clean Energy Group, a coalition of major electric generating and distribution companies that advocates for progressive positions on air pollution, energy, and climate policy. Berwick also manages projects concerning air pollution and energy issues for other clients, including the Environmental Integrity Project, the National Association of Clean Air Agencies, and the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management.
From 1991 to 1996, Berwick served as Chief of the Environmental Protection Division in the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office under Scott Harshbarger, where she also exercised joint oversight of the Massachusetts Environmental Strike Force.
Prior to joining the Attorney General’s office, Berwick was a partner in the litigation department at Goulston & Storrs.
“I am thrilled to be helping to move Massachusetts into a position of leadership nationally on the crucial issues of renewable energy and energy efficiency,” she said. “The time is right for the Commonwealth to increase its reliance on clean sources of energy, and to support the industries and jobs that will lead Massachusetts and the country into a sustainable future.”
Berwick holds a B.A. from Radcliffe College and a law degree from the University of Wisconsin Law School. She lives in Newton with her husband, Don. They have four grown children, Ben, Dan, Jessica, and Becca.
BOSTON – Friday, December 15, 2006 – In a first glimpse at the cabinet reorganization the new administration will undertake, Governor-elect Deval Patrick today announced his selection of Ian Bowles as Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs and Dan O’Connell as Secretary of Housing and Economic Development. These appointments mark the second and third cabinet announcements of the Patrick-Murray administration, and reflect the Governor-elect’s intention to align cabinet functions with his vision of how best to move the Commonwealth forward.
“Energy and housing are critical elements for our future success and prosperity, and they are linked to other policies,” said the Governor-elect. “Both Dan and Ian understand that. I am honored and delighted to have them join our team.”
“Energy independence is going to be a top focus in the coming years, and we need coordination to achieve smarter energy outcomes and protect our environment,” said Patrick. “Similarly, we need close coordination between housing and economic policy because so many workers are unable to afford to live in Massachusetts.”
Governor-elect Patrick will release further details of the cabinet reorganization at a later date.
Bowles is President and CEO of MassINC., a Boston-based research institute, and publisher of CommonWealth magazine. Bowles has nearly 20 years of experience in the energy and environmental sectors and served as the Associate Director of the White House Council on Environmental Quality under President Bill Clinton and was also Senior Director of the Global Environmental Affairs directorate at the National Security Council.
In those roles, Bowles played a key policy-making role on climate change and on the negotiation of bilateral clean energy agreements between the United States and India and China and on numerous other areas of environmental policy. Prior to joining the Clinton administration, Bowles served in leadership positions at Conservation International, a national environmental organization focused on biodiversity conservation.
Bowles also serves on the Board of Overseers of the Museum of Science, where he chairs a board committee on green building issues, and is a Director or advisor to several leading-edge clean energy technology companies.
“Deval Patrick has a particularly compelling vision of where we need to go on energy and on the environment and he has made it a top priority,” Bowles said. “He asked me to drive this agenda forward – I couldn’t be more honored to develop a team to do just that. We have an extraordinary opportunity to build on our state’s rich history of leadership on the environment – and chart a balanced, new long-term path toward a clean energy future.”
A Cape Codder, Bowles grew up in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He holds an A.B. in economics from Harvard College and a master’s degree from Oxford University, where he remains an adjunct member of the teaching faculty at the graduate school of the Environment and Geography. He resides in Charlestown with his wife Hannah and one-year-old daughter, Margaret.
O’Connell is an attorney and real estate developer with extensive management experience. He has worked in federal, quasi-public, and private institutions in Boston and Washington, DC. Since 2005, he has served as an Executive Vice President, Partner, and senior member of the Meredith & Grew’s Development and Advisory Services Group.
Before joining the firm, O’Connell served as Principal in the Development Services Group at Spaulding & Slye Colliers, providing strategic counsel and execution capabilities to governmental, institutional, and corporate clients. He was in charge of several large-scale development projects, including Fan Pier, Boston; North Point, Boston, Cambridge, and Somerville; and the Puerto Rico Convention Center District Authority.
O’Connell has also served in the public sector as former Executive Director of the Massachusetts Industrial Finance Agency, now MassDevelopment, and as Director of Planning and Development for the Massachusetts Port Authority, where he was responsible for the completion of the 10-acre Piers Park on Boston Harbor. He also served as chief of staff to Congressman Ed Markey.
“I’m excited and energized to be part of Governor Patrick’s team,” O’Connell said. “I look forward to integrating housing opportunities with economic development and job creation, which Governor Patrick has identified as key priorities in his administration. It is our hope that an increased focus on housing will help the Commonwealth retain and attract the best and brightest we have to offer.”
O’Connell serves as Co-Chairman of the Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce’s Real Estate Development Committee, Commissioner of the Massachusetts Legislative Commission on Metropolitan Beaches, and on the Board of Directors for the Island Alliance, Boston Harbor Islands National Park. He holds an A.B from Harvard College and a law degree from Harvard Law School.
O’Connell lives in Boston with his wife Marilyn. He has three daughters, Brynn, Allison, and Caitlin.
Democrat Deval Patrick, an early and strong supporter of the Cape Wind project, was easily elected governor of the Commonwealth, breaking a 16-year string of Republican control of the office. Republican Governor Mitt Romney, a Cape Wind opponent, chose not to seek reelection. His lieutenant governor and potential successor, Kerry Healey, who also campaigned against the project, lost.
Along the way, Patrick this year also defeated Attorney General Tom Reilly, another Cape Wind adversary, in the Democratic gubernatorial primary.
And while the election will not hasten federal review of the project, Cape Wind hopes the change in regime will serve multiple purposes. The company hopes the remaining state reviews will not be drawn out by chief executive-directed challenges and a timid bureaucracy, and that other places with pending offshore wind projects will see that the political momentum has shifted in favor of Cape Wind’s completion.
Project opponent The Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound met with Patrick earlier in the campaign. The group’s opposition wasn’t persuasive. But Charles Vinick, the Alliance president, told the Cape Cod Times he was eager to meet with Patrick again. ”Clearly, we must bring before his administration the concerns we’ve raised for public safety, the concerns that fishermen have raised,” Vinick said.
The Alliance has based its opposition on concerns over the environmental impact of the project, purported damage to coastal fisheries and what it says a 24-square-mile industrial project would do to tourism. The Alliance is also pinning its hopes on Senator Edward Kennedy, whose family compound in Hyannis overlooks the proposed site. As a senior Democratic leader, he is now part of the Congressional majority and could have more clout over federal review.
Mark Rodgers, a spokesman for Cape Wind, downplays those prospects. “One thing that has resonated with the public in the last election are the themes of energy independence and support for renewable energy. And this received bipartisan support throughout the campaign,” he says.
Longer Review Process
But one change necessitated by EPAct 2005 was to transfer jurisdiction of offshore wind projects from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to the U.S. Interior Department’s Minerals Management Service. The MMS oversees drilling for oil and natural gas in federal waters and has had wind energy added to its responsibilities. It just concluded its public comment period over the summer. Three quarters of the public comment letters received by the MMS were positive, Cape Wind says.
One thing that has resulted from the shift in the regulatory review is that the timeframe for completion keeps getting pushed back. MMS is now expected to conclude its work in early 2008. Construction would then occur in 2009 and 2010 under this revised schedule, according to Cape Wind. Massachusetts’s regulators are continuing their own parallel review of the project, but federal authorities are clearly leading the way and have primary jurisdiction.
Rodgers cited how the permitting process can be interfered with, when the Massachusetts Energy Facilities Siting Board in 2005 approved the interconnection of Cape Wind’s buried electric cables to the electric transmission system in Massachusetts. The process normally takes 12 months but lasted 39 months for Cape Wind.
Another impediment was when Massachusetts redrew its boundary line to include some rock outcroppings off the Cape, forcing the wind project developers to reconfigure a few turbines to keep the entire project within federal waters.
One other swirling controversy is the possible affect wind turbines have on military radar. A Defense Department report indicates that commercial wind turbines have the potential to affect radar installations. The same report called a previous review of Cape Wind by the U.S. Air Force that cleared the project in relation to its potential impact on the Cape Cod Air Force Station “overly simplified and technically flawed.”
Critics say the study validates its longtime concerns about the wind farm and radar. In addition, the Alliance called for further investigation.
Rodgers points out that the report did not draw any conclusions about the project, but ordered further study.
Meanwhile, Cape Wind recently announced several changes to the project that will increase energy production and have impacts on its visibility from the mainland.
The project will boost annual production of energy by 7 percent by using the new GE 3.6 megawatt XL model. The maximum output of the turbines is unchanged, but the new model is more productive during light winds. Cape Wind says its annual expected wind power production will now be 1,594,207 megawatt hours, up from 1,489,200 megawatt hours.
The new wind turbines are slightly taller than the turbines previously proposed. The wind turbine tower height will now be 258 feet, up from 246 feet. The maximum wind turbine blade tip height will now be 440 feet, up from 417 feet. The increase in wind turbine height will slightly change its visual impact from the shore.
Cape Wind also is proposing a reduction in the number of red aviation lights that will be used. The number will be reduced from 260 down to 57, an elimination of 203 lights. This updated aviation lighting plan is consistent with the new wind farm lighting guidelines being used by the FAA
Previously, each wind turbine was planned to have two red aviation lights, under the new plan, only the wind turbines on the perimeter of the project footprint, and the wind turbines next to the electric service platform, will each have one light on the top of the turbine nacelle.
Altogether, about 12 off-shore wind projects are under consideration in the United States. Texas has proposed a 150 megawatt project about seven miles off of Galveston Island. Texas is uncommon because the wind farm would be built entirely in state-owned waters, unlike most proposed off-shore deals that are in federal waters.
On July 20, 1969, the United States reached the moon, beating the decade’s-end goal set by President John F. Kennedy. Many saw the original timetable as too ambitious. Yet with the country committed to the mission, and with the mission accelerated by federal policies promoting the necessary technological advances, the US flag was planted in lunar soil sooner than even many optimists expected.
Winning the race to the moon was a technological triumph, to be sure, but its benefits reached deep into the nation’s psyche, inspiring a generation of children to believe that they could play a role in the nation’s most exciting ambition and providing fuel for the nation’s innovation economy.
Project Apollo surfaces repeatedly as a model for tackling the energy challenge. Given the urgency of the situation, achieving a secure energy future will, indeed, call for a similar commitment in funding, policies, and passion. The execution, though, will have to be different. More than a discrete undertaking with a single goal, the energy project will have to deliver a broad portfolio of solutions, playing out on timetables measured over a few years to several decades.
No single technology can meet current or projected energy demands. Humankind uses energy at the rate of 14 trillion watts. Supporting that much primary energy use would require about 10,000 large coal plants, at 500 megawatts of electricity each. To generate an equivalent amount of electricity with solar power, today’s deployment would need to be increased several thousand-fold.
Adding to the pressure for multiple approaches to this vast challenge, the time for initiating meaningful steps to curb climate-threatening carbon dioxide emissions is short. It will take a long time to change the energy mix appreciably. Yet we are probably only decades away, at best, from the point of no return on greenhouse gas concentrations.
The university research community has embraced these challenges, with many faculty and students invested in finding energy solutions. Superb work underway on many campuses today, from Berkeley and Stanford to MIT, from the University of Michigan to the University of Texas to Georgia Tech, encompasses an impressive range of new and evolving technologies. This past summer, two MIT undergraduates gathered a group of 50 co-competitors from the annual international solar car race to collaborate in designing and building alternative vehicles capable of 300 miles or more per gallon.
The tireless enthusiasm of students is one reason universities have the potential to play key roles in energy innovation. In addition, while integrating new technologies on a broad scale into an immense and mature sector of the economy will pose complex challenges, universities have expertise to share not only in technical fields, but also in economics, planning, architecture, political science, and management, among others.
Federal energy research funding that is sporadic, at best, is one reason university research has not realized the promise of the post-1970s energy crisis. Happily, this situation is changing. The Department of Energy has increasingly emphasized basic energy research in a range of areas—a welcome recognition that we have much yet to learn on the way to truly game-changing energy technologies.
To fully realize its potential, though, the university community must lower some internal barriers. The standard academic research model of a single investigator, or a small group of people, working on narrowly defined problems is important but, frankly, not sufficient in an energy context. We must develop organizational structures and incentives that encourage large multidisciplinary teams and, where relevant, permit true working partnerships with industry and government groups.
Project Apollo’s inspiration ultimately produced the scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, and policy makers who have fueled this country’s innovation economy. Today, our nation hungers for a similar inspiration, one that will refocus the attention of our schoolchildren toward science, mathematics, and technology. In fact, our future economic success could depend on it.
Can we sustain a meaningful commitment through the course of a mission that is markedly more complex and multifaceted than the moon landing, and that will demand a smooth melding of policy making and technological developments? Can we build an energy innovation pipeline that will, once again, both inspire our children and fuel our economy?
Some are pessimistic. However, consider at least one argument for a more positive outlook. At universities, we have a sustainable source of optimism—our students. Make no mistake about it, they really do care. We should, too, by investing in a secure and clean energy future.
Susan Hockfield is president of MIT.
Ghana has 138 districts with 79 dialects, and working there can involve finessing the Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga tribes and their various chieftains and potentates.
One American headed to the west African nation, Robert W. Golledge Jr., says he has had the perfect training: Massachusetts politics.
“I’ve had to deal with a variety of interest groups and advocacy groups, usually with competing positions,” said the outgoing state secretary of environmental affairs. “I’ve certainly learned how to deal with them, and that prepares me well for the situations I anticipate in Ghana.”
Golledge next month will begin a two-year stint as Peace Corps administrator in Ghana, taking his wife and three children from Canton to the bustling capital of Accra, where he will oversee 175 young volunteers in an impoverished nation.
“I think it’s going to be a big adjustment,” he said.
Though Golledge will be 50 when his Peace Corps stint ends, he said the move was hardly a midlife lark. He volunteered with the agency in Costa Rica after college and has long thought of returning to international development work.
“The Peace Corps was a life-changing experience for me,” he said. “It makes a difference not only in people’s lives but in how they view the US.”
Golledge spent 13 years in various positions at the state Department of Environmental Protection, and was appointed commissioner in 2003 and secretary of environmental affairs in August. Governor Mitt Romney’s successor, Deval Patrick, will name Golledge’s replacement next year.
As environmental commissioner, Golledge tightened drinking water standards, set lower limits for plant mercury emissions, and increased prosecution of environmental violators.
He also presided over steep cuts in the environmental agency’s budget.
Golledge will begin training for the job in Washington in January. He will be responsible for the safety of Peace Corps volunteers in Ghana, while also ensuring their work is productive.
Unlike many west African nations, Ghana is relatively stable and has had a functioning democracy for nearly two decades. Still, its problems are serious: drought, deforestation, disease, limited water supply, and a weak economy.
Golledge’s teenage children are already enthusiastically studying about their new home, he said. They will be enrolled in an international school there. Merely preparing for the move has brought the family closer, said Golledge.
“It’s really provided us as a family a great opportunity to talk about a lot of important things, about life and what’s important,” he said.
But the family is unsure how they will feed their Red Sox obsession, with Golledge noting, “There’s a five-hour time difference, so I don’t know how that will be possible.”
Golledge said his parents, a nurse and Episcopal priest, encouraged him to pursue public service. When he returns to Massachusetts, he plans to return to environmental work. But all that’s a long way off. First, there is Ghana.
“It will be an eye-opening experience,” he said. “I’m one of those optimistic fools that thinks I can make a difference.”